and then sold to European traders. The sad truth is that without complex business partnerships between African elites and European traders and commercial agents, the slave trade to the New World would have been impossible, at least on the scale it occurred. Advocates of reparations for the descendants of those slaves generally ignore this untidy problem of the significant role that Africans played in the trade, choosing to believe the romanticized version that our ancestors were all kidnapped unawares by evil white men, like Kunta Kinte was in “Roots.” The truth, however, is much more complex: slavery was a business, highly organized and lucrative for European buyers and African sellers alike. read entire article http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/23/opinion/23gates.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0 ---------------------------------------------- some comments below link http://www.destee.com/index.php?threads/dr-henry-louis-gates-says-that-africans-were-90-responsible-for-the-slave-trade.78190/ 1. Well, it's only fitting that white America would get its greatest Boule Negro to once again recast our history(ourstory). 2. And you have to appreciate their timing! Done when Black talk radio has been desimated on FM and AM, and Gil Noble's "Like it Is" is no longer on the air, so that Dr Molefi Asante, and Dr Marimba Ani, Runoko Rashidi and Ashwa Kweisi can refute him in public with the facts 3. And you have to appreciate their timing! Done when Black talk radio has been desimated on FM and AM, and Gil Noble's "Like it Is" is no longer on the air, so that Dr Molefi Asante, and Dr Marimba Ani, Runoko Rashidi and Ashwa Kweisi can refute him in public with the facts 4. Well, it's only fitting that white America would get its greatest Boule Negro to once again recast our history(ourstory). This guy is also a member of the Aspen institute! http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/sociopol_globalization37.htm and the Brookings Institute and the CFR; http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Ruling_Elites/AmericanPolity_WRAN.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Louis_Gates 5. The importance of this is that we have no real Black media to refute these lies! 6. And that there is an entire generation of Hip Hop era youth, devoid of Black studies in high school and college, who may actually buy into this stuff!…
was built by the labor of the enslaved.
Bullying Pulpit: Racism, Barack Obama and the Selective Call for Personal Responsibility
Sometimes, white privilege isn’t about stuff. It’s not always about better opportunities, or more money, or even greater access to those things than people of color.
Sometimes, white privilege is as simple as knowing that, generally speaking, if you’re white, you’ll be perceived as competent and hard-working until proven otherwise, while people of color — even those who have proven themselves competent and hard-working — will still be subjected to presumptions that they just might not be, and that somehow, they (but not you) need to be reminded of the importance of hard-work and personal responsibility, lest they (but never you) revert to some less impressive group mean.
true, which is, the Enslavement of Black Afrikans into an institution call Chattel Slavery.
The Honorable Chancellor Williams in his book, Destruction Of Afrikan Civilization, recorded it best, about what caused and took place in order to implement an institution call Chattel Slavery, by white folks.
Chattel Slavery did not come about by implementing a trading business with Black Afrikan people, to enslave Black Afrikans.
Therefore, in view of the Millions of Black Afrikans who died during the Middle Passage, which took place during the fighting and capturing of Black Afrikans, during the Enslavement roundup of Black Afrikans, by white Racist Prejudice believing to be superior white people.
Therefore, it serve as an insult to our Enslaved Ancestors and those who died fighting against being enslaved, to imply that the most barbaric act to be committed by man against man for purpose to own and to treat Black Afrikans as white folks chattel, while in a condition of forced confinement, such evil act is not to be referred to as the slave trade, but the fighting and capturing of Black Afrikan people, to be Enslaved.
Because, we Damn show did not get to America En mass, based upon a trade.
For America To Deny Reparation to our Enslaved Black Afrikan Ancestors, is liken to deny that Chattel Slavery did occur, and you mean to share with me that you pledge allegiance to an America who show no allegiance to our Enslaved Afrikan Ancestors?
Written@2 / 8 / 2017
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Check out the video 'Chinweizu's Reply to Henry Louis "Skip" Gates, Jr.: What Slave Trade?!?'
Chinweizu's Reply to Henry Louis
Chinweizu's Reply to Henry Louis "Skip" Gates, Jr.: What Slave Trade?!?
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Chinweizu's Reply to Henry Louis "Skip" Gates, Jr.: What Slave Trade?!?
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y, do you have the resources and revenue to do such a thing -- beyond what you could borrow from someone else? Do you have the means to make it for years on end, to be self sufficient at a time when all over the world nation's economies are in a tailspin and opportunities are scarce?
Most people born in this country have never traveled outside this country. Even fewer have ever lived outside this country. As someone who has, I can say that it can be a tremendous challenge -- one that might make you want to rethink things in a heartbeat.
I once heard a story from Henry Louis Gates that was told to him by an old man in West Africa. He said that when those countries received their independence in the 1950-60s dozens of African Americans went over to live there. He said that one group was so estatic that they went to the shores and tossed their passports in the ocean, exclaiming they'd never need them again.
He said that about a month later those same African Americans had endured so much in the foreign land that they could be seen out on the same shores, searching in shallow water to see if their passports had washed up.
history, reports CBS News correspondent Carter Evans.
In a 2014 episode of the PBS documentary series "Finding Your Roots," Affleck learned a great deal about his family tree. But according to private Sony emails published by WikiLeaks, he apparently didn't want the show to reveal that one of his ancestors owned slaves and asked PBS to withhold that information.
"Hollywood people do that all the time. They realize the power and influence of their participation in something and they use it to leverage particular type of coverage," Hollywood Reporter executive editor Matt Belloni said.
BuzzFeed reporter who got emails from Sony hackers
In the episode that aired, Affleck learned about a relative who was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.
"This is a big surprise and really exciting and I'm really proud of it," he said.
But Affleck apparently asked PBS to withhold information about his slave-owning ancestor and emails suggest it created an ethical dilemma for PBS.
Last July, the show's host Henry Gates Jr. emailed Sony Entertainment CEO Michael Lynton to ask for advice.
"We've never had anyone ever try to censor or edit what we found. He's a megastar. What do we do?" Gates asked.
"It is tricky because it may get out that you made the change and it comes down to editorial integrity," Lynton responded.
"Once we open the door to censorship, we lose control of the brand," Gates later replied.
PBS said Gates reviewed 10 hours of footage for the episode and made an independent editorial judgment. In a statement to CBS News, Gates said the program chose to highlight other ancestors who had more interesting stories.
He pointed out that other stars like Ken Burns and Anderson Cooper both have slave-owning ancestors that were featured on the show.
"It's shameful and I feel a sense of shame over it," Cooper said in the series.
Affleck has yet to respond and there's no clear indication whether the leaks will hurt the reputation of the actor or PBS.
"It doesn't make PBS, which has an enormous amount of respect and has a great news brand, it doesn't make them look good," Belloni said.
Norah O'Donnell says, Ben Affleck gives to charity and should not be held accountable for what his ancestors did.
He may be giving to the wrong charity! He should give charity back to the families his ancestors had as slaves. After all, their family reaped the benefits of the labor the slaves sweat & blood without pay!
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Renowned cultural critic Henry Louis Gates Jr continues the second series of PBS’s popular genealogy show in which prominent Americans trace their ancestry, often with surprising results.This episode features three guests whose families have long been engaged in the battle for freedom and civil rights but who had no idea that those principles were passed down through generations of ancestors. Hollywood star Ben Affleck, actor, director and screenwriter, has won two Oscars and three Golden Globes. His mother Christine was a member of the Freedom Riders, a group of civil rights activists who challenged segregation in America’s southern states during the 1960s. Her ancestors include the 19th-century spiritualist Almon French, who attempted to comfort the bereaved in the aftermath of the Civil War. Benjamin Jealous, former president of the NAACP, learns the heroic story of his great-grandfather, Peter G Morgan, a free black man who was forced to purchase his own wife and family in order to keep them safe. Actress Khandi Alexander, star of CSI: Miami and ER, never knew who her grandfather was but has learned that he may have been murdered in the Jim Crow South. All three guests discover that they have patriot ancestors who fought for freedom during the American War of Independence.
See The article & Video Here!
Almon French Affleck's great, great grandfather.
Poland; St Louis; and New York City. These were popular human exhibits where whites went to watch Black people who were on display. The Black people were usually forced to live behind gates and in cages similar to animals in a zoo today.
Some of the Black people were kidnapped and brought to be exhibited in the human zoos. Many of them died quickly, some within a year of their captivity. A large number of visitors attended these exhibitions in each city daily. For example, the Parisian World Fair featured a human zoo that exhibited Black people, and 34 million people were drawn to the exhibition in just six months.
Below are several photos showing the horrible reality of people who were forced to live in human zoos.
This is a “Peoples Show” in Brussels, Belgium, where the young Black girl is fed by the white spectators.
Congolese pygmy Ota Benga was on display at the Bronx Zoo in New York City in 1906. He was forced to carry around chimpanzees and other apes.
One of the many human zoos in France.
Sarah’s Story A Colonial Showpiece
A 20-year-old girl from South Africa known as Sarah “Saartjie” Baartman was recruited to work in a Paris zoo because of a genetic characteristic known as steatopygia — protuberant buttocks and elongated labia. Whites went to the zoo to look at her buttocks and at other naked Black women with the same shape.
This is one of France’s many “Negro Villages.” It was said the village would often display Blacks to dehumanize them and compare them to animals.
This is another “Negro Village” in France. It was called “The World Fair,” where nude or semi-nude Black women and children were presented in cages.
Africans shooting archery in 1904 St Louis “Savage Olympics Exhibition”
source : http://www.the-open-mind.com/deep-racism-the-forgotten-history-of-h...
Human zoos, also called ethnological expositions, were 19th- and 20th-century public exhibits of humans, usually in a so-called natural or primitive state. The displays often emphasized the cultural differences between Europeans of Western civilization and non-European peoples or other Europeans with a lifestyle deemed primitive. Some of them placed indigenous people in a continuum somewhere between the great apes and humans of European descent. Ethnological expositions have since been criticized as highly degrading and racist. details at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_zoo